So Jesus, realizing His Sonship with unspeakable intenseness, in that awful prayer names His Father ᾿αββᾶ ὁ πατήρ. The same thing may be true here in Paul"s case." p. 205). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jec/galatians-4.html. Privacy Policy   Terms of Use. It follows as a part of his purpose of adoption that his children shall have the spirit of the Lord Jesus.The Spirit of his Son - The spirit of the Lord Jesus; the spirit which animated him, or which he evinced. Thus in all three passages it is expressive of the deepest feeling. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. And then, as believing Jews used another tongue in foreign countries, they appear to have felt the ὁ πατήρ to be cold and distant, so that, as to the Lord in His agony, the vernacular term impressed on the ear and heart of childhood instinctively recurred. The Spirit of His Son is a token of its adoption to every child, for it is the bond of union with Him who is “the first-born among many brethren.” That Spirit is sent into the “heart,” the central seat or organ of the inner life and power, which the Spirit of God's Son inhabits, and out of which He cries through us, Abba, Father. Crying; praying with strong desire and glowing fervor. ], "The purpose of the Son"s mission was to give the rights of sonship; the purpose of the Spirit"s mission, to give the power of using them." In the lexicon it is mentioned that both words were used of God in prayer and in worship and used in great reverence, not great familiarity and endearment. ‘Abba’ is the Aramaic word for ‘Father’ (in Hebrew Aph), so childlike in its very sound, and sanctioned by the beginning of the Lord’s Prayer, as originally uttered, also by His prayer in Gethsemane, Mark 14:36. See Schoettgen, Hor. ii. This whole idea of "dada" is part of the bringing down to man, the God of the universe. Galatians 6:12-16 This is a great summary of the entire book, as Paul once again refutes the legalistic idea that we can work our way into a relationship … in Galatians 4:4 onward,—that ἐστὲ υἱοί is apodosis, and that the following ἐξαπέστ. George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. xi. It is to be remarked also, that, according to the Rabbins, analogous emotional combinations of a Hebrew and a Greek address, which mean quite the same thing, were in use. A summary of Galatians 4 from @biblesummary. If so St Paul’s mother tongue would seem to have been not Aramaic but Greek. ῾ο πατήρ is what the apostle wishes to say; but in a mood of extreme tenderness, speaking of God's children and of their yearning filial prayerfulness and confidence in approaching and naming Him, he prefixes the old familiar term ᾿αββᾶ. And this our Saviour hath taught us several times. Moreover, that the address in prayer ἀββᾶ ὁ πατήρ took its rise among the Greek Jewish-Christians, and first became habitual among them, is clear of itself on account of the Hebrew Abba. Romans 8:9. [It is to bring you to this very blessedness that we preach unto you the Gospel of Christ. In Galatians 3:26-27 sonship is connected with putting on Christ, here with receiving His Spirit. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". 1905. DD. 6. ", ". But the change of person is as in Romans 7:4. Kittel.] Romans 8:15; also Psalms 22:3; Psalms 28:1; Psalms 30:8; Baruch 3:1; Baruch 4:20. At GodTube, you’ll find daily inspirational videos to lift your spirits and encourage you in your walk with God. In Galatians 4, Paul continues teaching an important lesson to the Galatian Christians. In Romans 8:15 the aspect of thought is, ἐν ᾧ κράζομεν ᾿αββᾶ, ὁ πατήρ; and in Galatians 4:26 of the same chapter it is said of the Spirit, ὑπερεντυγχάνει ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν. But this would be a mechanical explanation which, at least in the case of Paul, is à priori not probable, and can least of all be assumed in a case where the fervid emotion of prayer(183) is exhibited. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts. Be assured, that, in rejecting the salvation offered you in the Gospel, you are your own enemies: you rob yourselves of happiness, of which not all the universe could deprive you; and plunge yourselves into misery, which all the universe would be unable to entail upon you. [Note: H. B. Swete, The Holy Spirit in the New Testament, p204.]. The law was our guardian (Galatians 3:24-25), to watch over us when we were still “children.” The law’s effect on our corrupt nature was to … But under the Gospel we are regarded as adult sons, who are freed from those restraints, and enjoy a spirit of liberty in the whole of our life and conversation. Christ is their advocate at the right hand of God, the Spirit is the ‘other advocate’ (E. V. ‘comforter’), indwelling in their hearts. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Bibliography"Commentary on Galatians 4:6". Schaefer. Legal hopes, legal fears, legal endeavours, are quite in consonance with our depraved hearts. ", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying Abba, Father, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Sonship implies privileges, in this case spiritual, yes, the possession of the Spirit of God’s Son with His utterance within us of dependence on the Father. And how abruptly ἐξαπέστ. ABBA! Ah! In Romans 8:15, we read: ‘in whom we cry.’ Here the Spirit himself appears as praying, and the believer as the organ. Wieseler takes it as equivalent to εἰς ἐκεῖνο, ὅτι (see on Mark 16:14; John 2:18; John 9:17; John 11:51; John 16:19; 1 Corinthians 1:26; 2 Corinthians 1:18; 2 Corinthians 11:10): “as concerns the reality ( ἐστέ is to have the emphasis) of your state as sons.” But this would unnecessarily introduce into the vivid and direct character of these short sentences an element of dialectic reflection, which also appears in Matthias’ view. Though legally he owns the entire inheritance, he is subject to tutors and administrators until whatever date the father has set for emancipation. It is possible that St Paul by using both terms also wished to suggest the impartiality of the Spirit’s work in believers, whether they be Jews or Gentiles. Individuals also no less [than the whole Church] redouble their call upon the name of the Father. from the fullest and most satisfactory evidence that God, the Father, Son, and Spirit, had become their portion. See also Weiss, bibl. (6) It is because you are sons that you are able to address your Heavenly Father in such genuine accents of filial emotion. The Galatians reproved for departing from the great doctrine of justification alone, through faith in Christ. ὅτι δέ ἐστε υἱοί. Aug. gives a fanciful reason for the repetition: “Eleganter autem intelligitur non frustra duarum linguarum verba posuisse idem significantia propter universum populum, qui de Judæis et de Gentilibus in unitatem fidei vocatus est: ut Hebræum verbum ad Judæos, Græcum ad gentes, utriusque tamen verbi eadem significatio ad ejusdem fidei spiritusque unitatem pertineat.” And so Luther, Calvin, and Bengel. T. B. Erubin, 53b, a Galilean woman is ridiculed as saying mâri kiri (χείριος) “my lord, my servant,” though intending mâri qiri (κύριος) “my lord, my lord,” and Shemoth R., § 46, 3, in a Mashal a physician’s son addresses a mountebank (presumably a quack) as qiri, mâri, âbi, “my lord, my lord, my father,” much to his own father’s displeasure. Render then: Because moreover ye are sons (the stress on ἐστε is hardly to be urged: υἱοί ἐστε would certainly give a very strong emphasis on the noun: all we can say of ἐστε υἱοί, where so insignificant a word as a verb substantive is concerned, is that there is now no such strong stress on υἱοί, but that the whole fact, of the state of sonship having been brought in, and actually existing, is alleged) God sent forth (not, ‘hath sent forth’—see above) the Spirit of His Son (you being now fellows with that Son in the communion of the Spirit, won for you as a consequence of His atonement: called, Romans 8:15, πνεῦμα υἱοθεσίας, and ib. If so, we must assume a very unusual ellipsis after ὅτι δέ ἐστε υἱοί,—one hardly justified by such precedents as Romans 11:18,— εἰ δὲ κατακαυχᾶσαι, οὐ σὺ τ. ῥίζαν βαστάζεις, κ. τ. λ., Romans 11:15, and supply, ‘God hath given you this proof, that.…’ Meyer urges in defence of his view the emphatic position of ἐστε, on which see below. ch. For similar instances of a Greek word being repeated in Aramaic, or an Aramaic word in Greek, we may compare Revelation 9:11 : “The angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon;” Revelation 12:9 : “That old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan.” The Aramaic “Abba” appears in our word “abbot.”. Clarke's Commentary on the Bible. Compare notes on Acts 2:6; Acts 26:14. We are sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus (Galatians 3:26), and we are heirs according to the promise (Galatians 3:29). 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave and the other by a free woman. ὁ θεὸς κ. τ. λ. would stand! The key personalities of this book are the Apostle Paul, Peter, Barnabas, Abraham, Titus, and false teachers. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? 1874-1909. The term "abba" is the Aramaic word for father and the word "father" is the word "pater" which means father. Popular videos include worship music from your favorite Christian artists, cute videos with adorable kids and animals, Comp. So Bishop Pearson: “Here the Son is distinguished from the Father, as sent by him; and the Spirit of the Son is distinguished from the Father, as sent by the Father after he had sent the Son. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Compare Mark 14:36, and Romans 8:15. Compare the notes, Romans 8:26-27. Romans 8:16. Be inspired in your walk with Jesus Christ f. 53. The ἐστέ υἱοί seems to have suggested the correlative appellation τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ. In Hofmann’s view, Paul reminds his (Gentile) readers that they are for this reason sons, because God has done that act ἐξαπέστειλεν κ. τ. λ. Hence it is that we receive a Spirit of adoption: for, in this better covenant, God grants all the blessings of salvation to us freely, whether we be Jews or Gentiles; and, as soon as ever we believe in Christ, admits us into his own family, as his beloved children [Note: This the Apostle carefully marks, by using the Hebrew word for Father, as well as the Greek; shewing thereby, that whether we be Jews or Greeks, we are placed on the same footing by the Gospel.]. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the author, except as provided by U.S.A. copyright laws. 1897-1910. BibliographyEadie, John. “Who shall separate him from his Father’s love?” He can look on the innumerable hosts of men and devils, and boldly defy them all [Note: Romans 8:34-39.]. κ. τ. λ. is the further result connected with it. The conjunction will bear either meaning; the causal meaning is the simpler syntax, but the demonstrative meaning is more in unison with the argument. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. Galatians 4:6 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Galatians 4:6, NIV: "Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, 'Abba, Father.'" This passage from Galatians 4 reflects on God’s sending of his Son in the context of a larger theological argument about what it means to be children of God and co-heirs with Christ. 1–3.]. This quite possibly could have been Paul’s first letter. American Tract Society. 5 For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. The Hebrew and Greek word are joined together, to express the joint cry of the Jews and gentiles. This "dada" thought is akin to the movement that says God wants us to be rich, that says God wants us to be prosperous, and that wants us to never want for anything. ; Galatians 4:6 Aramaic for Father https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/galatians-4.html. II. who can make you amends for the loss of these privileges; or console your minds, when they are irrecoverably placed beyond your reach? ], "The presence of the Spirit is thus a witness of their sonship." Rather Abba had lost somewhat of its original force, and the fervour of the human speaker was not satisfied without adding the equivalent in his ordinary Greek tongue. Nay, in Galatians 6:5, he speaks of a “burden” or load, not of matter for glorying, as what really belongs to each man. (Galatians 4:4), and because He has done it in the way and with the design stated in Galatians 4:4 f. 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