5. a. Your IP: 208.89.96.71 Define the type of the sentence (statement, questions, command) 2. He said that he could sing a song. You probably have the same concept in your own language, where you use your own words to say what somebody has said or written. Dentist said that my father doesn’t need an operation. We use reporting verbs like 'say', 'tell', 'ask', and we may use the word 'that' to introduce the reported words. Michael said that she will buy a new car. My sister asked if she had to do the city. He said, “I can sing a song”. Do you have to backshift the tenses? She said that she had lost her wallet. Let's first define the terms, then look at how to talk about what someone said, and how to convert speech from direct to indirect or vice-versa. This set of worksheets introduces the rules for direct and reported speech and gives exercises of converting dialogues each way. Michael said, “I have finished my lunch.”. 3. He asked me if I did (had done) my homework. a) Direct: Radha said, “I am very busy now. Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) Direct and Indirect Speech | Chart. 5. direct to indirect speech converter. Example: She said, “I am the best.” Full stop, comma, exclamation or question mark, are placed inside the closing inverted commas. This is because we are usually talking about something in the past. You can learn the grammar rules, study the examples and test their understanding by taking quiz. If the introductory sentence is in Simple Past, there is backshift of tenses. Said) will be replaced with (told, commanded, ordered, advised, replied, admitted, inquired or insisted, etc). Do you need help? Cloudflare Ray ID: 609fa46def9eff7c Watch how the Awesome Foursome conduct an interview and learn to use the direct speech and the reported speech. The quiz will test out your use of the two types of speech. She said that she could help me tomorrow. In direct speech we repeat the original speaker’s exact words: He said, “I have lost my umbrella.” Remarks thus repeated are placed between inverted commas, and a comma is placed immediately before the remark. Sign of exclamation (!) She said that she had finished his lunch. Grammar Express: Reported Speech is the complete course in mastering Direct and Indirect narration in English. DIRECT AND INDIRECT (OR REPORTED) SPEECH. 3. Common rules for changing direct speech to indirect speech George said “I need help with my homework.”. Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) Direct speech → Indirect speech Am / is / are → was / were Was / were → had been Has / have → had Had → had had Shall / will → would Can → could May → might Must, should → must, should Verb1 → verb2 Verb2 → had + verb3. Indirect Speech We may report what he said without quoting his exact words. Lorsqu’on rapporte une phrase, il n’y a plus besoin de faire des citations, donc les guillemets disparaissent. That means you have to try to convert this into reported speech first. The dentist said, “Your father doesn’t need an operation.”. Changing direct speech to reported speech. Indirect She said the test was difficult. Task No. Identify reported and reporting speech: He said, (Reporting speech) I am busy in my school. Georger told Samuel (that) he was sorry for the accident. This App 'Direct and Indirect Speech' app helps the users to learn Narration in the easiest way. Reporting verb (e.g. David said, “I can play a Guitar”. They are roughly graded from 1 (suitable for less advanced learners) to 7 (for the more advanced group). He says/will say, “I am unwell.” b. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. She said that she had gone to the shopping center. REPORTED SPEECH:- INDIRECT TO DIRECT SENTENCES:- 1. a. Radha said that she was very busy then. Michael asked Tom whether she was married. Le Reported Speech est l’équivalent en français du discours indirect. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech, Future Perfect Tense – Detailed Expression, 100 Sentences of Present Perfect Tense | Examples of Present Perfect Tense. She said (that) she was waiting for Michael”. David said that he could play a Guitar. Indirect speech, the report uses the same words of the speaker, whereas, in indirect speech, one does not use the speaker’s exact words. Watch my reported speech video: Here's how it works: We use a 'reporting verb' like 'say' or 'tell'. Arya said that she was sitting on the chair. - He asked if/whether I would be coming. Take it up! 4 Direct … to hold a grudge, hubba-hubbas 1. Mary will say that that she often enjoys herself. In order to better understand how to change a sentence in reported speech easily, let’s take an example. The news says that everything is going fine. The third person of the reported speech doesn't change. direct and indirect speech exercises with answers . She said that she would buy new house if she had been rich”. He said that he had been sleeping when Mary called. Reported or indirect speech is usually used to talk about the past, so we normally change the tense of the words spoken. He said (that)he was unwell. change into indirect speech. Example: • Direct: Clinton said, “I am very busy now." Witness students putting their heart and soul into this unique grammatical experience. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. He said, “I am unwell.” b. My son says that he often has a big hamburger. She said: “I would buy new house if I were rich”. Choose the correct time phrases from the drop down menu. Convert Direct Speech to Indirect Speech Convert to reported speech. What tense is used in the introductory sentence? speech quotes. This method is called Direct Speech. • Indirect: Clinton said that he was very busy then. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. b. Radha said, “I am very busy now.” 2. a. • He said, “I am busy in my school” Now, if we follow the rules mentioned above, it would be like: 1. Teacher said that he didn’t understand me. Samuel added that he didn’t know what to do. Apart from the punctuation, the … Do you have to change expressions of time and place? Word and phrase learnt i.e. They said that they could communicate smothly. Direct Speech Indirect Speech; CAN changes into COULD. For yes/no questions, the reported speech has the form 'ask+if/whether+clause' Example: He asked, "Will you be coming?" direct to indirect speech converter will be constantly updated with new content. Download some of these worksheets for free! She said, “I may go to Paris”. My mother said that she had found a new job. He said his father was helping his study. This is a DIY forum (Do It Yourself). direct indirect speech app is one of the best multi-choice App for English Grammar. She said that her mother wasn’t very well. in two ways: by repeating the words spoken (direct speech) by reporting the words spoken (indirect or reported speech). Please note that reporting verb is verb used in reporting speech of direct speech. Si en français, la subordonnée est introduite par « … 10 examples of direct and indirect speech. She said that she could write a poem. It contains over 50 pages of lessons explaining rules for conversion of Direct Speech into Indirect Speech with several examples. In a one-off lesson, you might want each child to complete just one or two of these sheets; if you're working on it for a week, you might use all of them. 2321. My father told us that he was born in 1962. My mother asked me to help her carry that. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. (Reported speech) 2. 4. He said he had taken Spanish lessons before. Direct and indirect speech can be a source of confusion for English learners. Indirect Speech. The machine translator can convert the segment that is classified as indirect speech to the direct speech segment by adjusting an order of words in the segment that is classified as indirect speech to generate the direct speech segment. Direct speech provided. Mary asked Alex why he was going to school. Reported speech tenses will change from that of the direct speech in most cases. She said, “I went to the shopping center.”. TENSE CHANGES. This method is called Indirect Speech or Reported Speech. Le Reported Speech – Le discours rapporté. You might say instead, Reported Speech: Whenever you are quoting someone else’s words, you use two kinds of speeches – Direct or Indirect speech.In this chapter, we will learn all about Direct and Indirect speech and how to convert one into another. Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today – une référence pour l'utilisation et la grammaire de l'anglais écrit et parlé – Cambridge Dictionary Do you like horror films? The Minister said that there will be no growth this year. You can answer the question What did he say? Tip 8: Change of Place and Time. Rule 8 – Direct Speech to Indirect Speech Conversion – Punctuations. Reported speech: She says (that) she … my boyfriend asked. She said, "I saw him." They said they couldn’t go to the zoo next week. He says/will say he is unwell. Alex said that his parents were very well. Reported speech is not really difficult. He said he had been walking along the Street. if given is removed and full stop is used. Conversion of time phrases in Reported speech – Exercise. Reported Speech (Indirect Speech) in English – Summary . Convert direct speech to reported speech statements in this exercise-- Print worksheets for your classes The conversion from direct to indirect speech entails various other changes in the form of the clause: There are mainly verb tenses, pronouns and adverbs. Direct Speech We may quote the actual words of the speaker. Mary said, “I have been writing this essay.”. Compare the examples: Sam said, ‘I’m having a shower.’ Sam said (that) he was having a shower. My brother said that he had met Alex yesterday. Example on Process of Conversion from Direct to Indirect Speech. If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. I haven’t heard of one. Direct to Reported Speech and vice versa for Direct Speech in Question Form - definition To convert direct speech to reported speech when the direct speech is in the form of a question, we follow the given rules: 1. How do you convert direct into indirect speech? She said that she might go to Paris. My mother said that she never got up late. • Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. 3.1.- BACK – SHIFT A) BACK-SHIFT OF VERBS a) Direct: He says, "She is in tenth class. The reported speech will not be covered in inverted commas or quotation marks (“”) because words are not exactly as quoted. Do you have to change the person (pronoun)? He said that he was listening to the music. They said, “We cannot live without water.” b. Michael’s father said (that) Michael had been ill. My girl friend said (that) she could swim when she was five. The butcher told us, “We are closing at 7 o’clock.”. 4. a. It is more a matter of logic and common sense. The reason for the changes is because when we change from direct to indirect speech there is often a shift in the viewpoint. This is known as backshifting in reported speech, with the basic rule that a tense is shifted back to its past tense form.. The time phrases are also changed. Alex said that he hadn’t gone to the party. - Direct or indirect interrogative clauses - How and What ... like - Direct or Indirect Clauses - Reported speech and present continuous - Indirect speech > Double-click on words you don't understand: Indirect to direct speech Complete with sentences in direct style.No need to use inverted commas. Mary said that he had been writing that essay. Just download this free "narration English grammar" App. The butcher told us that we were closing at 7 o’clock. Then we check to see how you did. She told me that she had lost her wallet. The verb and tense of the reported speech change accordingly. Reported speech in context (based on comic strip, Garfield). 3. a. INTRODUCTION There are two ways of relating what a person has said: direct and indirect. If we want to mention who the speaker talked to, we use told, otherwise we use said. indirectly. 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. It is highly unlikely that such a free service exists. Inverted commas are not used. Our direct and reported speech worksheets help 8th grade and high school students iron out any confusion they have in the topic, and enable them to immaculately convert direct to indirect and vice versa. My boyfriend asked, “Do you like horror films?”. They said that we cannot live without water. We just put 'she says' and then the sentence: Direct speech: I like ice cream. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Her father said that he was living in London now. If the reported verb has words like “what a” or “how”, then we use the word “very” in place of them in the indirect speech. 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