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As court challenges were issued over the legality of hand recounts in select counties, news stories were filled with the arcane vocabulary of the election judge. B.K., sounds like you are a believer in state's rights. Advertisement Gore said he disagreed with the Court's decision, but conceded the election. Meanwhile, the Bush campaign worked to stop the recount. ballots recorded by the assigned review coders as either having "multiple marks" or no punches in the presidential section of ballots, or having indications of voter intent (that meet dynamic filter criteria) recorded by just one of three coders. Also at issue was the so-called butterfly ballot design used in Palm Beach county, which caused confusion among some Gore votersprompting them to inadvertently cast their votes for third-party candidate Pat Buchanan, who received some 3,400 (some 20 percent of his total votes statewide). That call was made in the early morning hours of November 8 by all the TV networks cited above, but not by the AP. Unlike Biden, Gore only had one pathway to land a spot in the Oval Office, as the race all came down to Floridas then-21electoral votes. 2000 Electoral College Results. The news organizations hired the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago to look at each untallied ballot. [4]:74. what was harriet tubman beat know for? Once the closeness of the election in Florida was clear, both the Bush and Gore campaigns organized themselves for the ensuing legal process. Furthermore, the Florida Administrative Code: 1S-2.0031, "Write-in Procedures Governing Electronic Voting Systems", (7) at the time specified, "An overvote shall occur when an elector casts a vote on the ballot card and also casts a write-in vote for a qualified write-in candidate for that same office. On December 8, in a 43 decision, the Florida Supreme Court ordered immediate manual recounts of undervotes for the office of president in all counties where such recounts had not already taken place. The Republicans appealed that ruling to the U.S. Supreme Court, which voted 7-2 to end the Florida court's ordered recount. In the Election of 2000, Florida was (5 points) Select one: a. first to submit state election results b. a swing state with challenged votes c. overwhelmingly in support of Bush d. overwhelmingly in support of Gore 2 See answers Advertisement HistoryGuy Negative sign indicates number of votes that decision caused to be excluded from state certified total. In their presidential campaigns, both candidates focused primarily on domestic issues, such as economic growth, the federal budget surplus, health care, tax relief, and reform of social insurance and welfare programs, particularly Social Security and Medicare. It won Outstanding Television Movie at the Primetime Emmy Awards, with Roach winning Outstanding Directing for a Limited Series, Movie, or Dramatic Special, and Dern a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress Series, Miniseries or Television Film. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. If they did not send their electoral votes to Congress before the official the deadline to do so, neither Bush nor Gore could have reached 270 electoral votes and a contingent election would have taken place in the House of Representatives for President and in the Senate for Vice President, which would have been super messy and therefore everyone worked hard to avoid that situation. Ultimately, the contest focused on Florida. Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards. Among these was the Palm Beach "butterfly ballot", which resulted in an unusually high number of votes for Reform Party candidate Pat Buchanan. Please select which sections you would like to print: Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree. Kohut was among those who saw this flaw even in 2000. Initially, Florida had been considered fertile territory for Republicans. The 2000 presidential election between George W Bush and Al Gore was the closest election in modern history with the results hinging on voters in South Florida. Florida, a swing state, had a major recount dispute that took center stage in the election. To win the presidency, candidates must win a majority of votes in the Electoral College. The U.S. Presidential Election of 1876 Was Pure Chaos. "[50], On The Today Show of November 9, 2000, Buchanan said, "When I took one look at that ballot on Election Night it's very easy for me to see how someone could have voted for me in the belief they voted for Al Gore. The Bush campaign quickly filed an appeal with the U.S. Supreme Court, asking it to delay the recounts until it could hear the case; a stay was issued by the court on December 9. The Palm Beach County recount and the Miami-Dade County recount (having been suspended) were still incomplete at 5:00p.m. on November 26, when Harris certified the statewide vote count with Bush ahead by 537 votes. The final decision was based on just a few hundred votes in Florida. Gore, however, won the popular vote over Bush by some 500,000 votesthe first inversion of the electoral and popular vote since 1888. The campaign Gore had first called Bush to congratulate him on his victory, called again to rescind the concession. The State of Florida ordered a recount of the 2000 votes because (3 points) a too many counties used the "butterfly" ballot against the state law b George Bush did not believe that the state had run a fair election c Al Gore did not believe that the state had run a fair election d state law required a recount when the results were close National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Outstanding Directing for a Limited Series, Movie, or Dramatic Special, Best Supporting Actress Series, Miniseries or Television Film, 2016 United States presidential election recounts, United States House of Representatives elections in Florida, 2006#District 13. [21] Additionally, this Florida election produced many more "overvotes" than usual, especially in predominantly African-American precincts in Duval County (Jacksonville), where some 21,000 ballots had multiple markings, such as two or more choices for president. Direct link to Edward (Eddie) W.'s post One big question that I h, Posted 2 years ago. CNN's Gloria Borger explores the 2000 election in a special report Monday at 9 p.m. About 19,000 ballots were spoiled because of overvotes (two votes in the same race), compared to 3000 in 1996. Bush, Ronald Reagan and Richard Nixon. Possible reasons include, but are not limited to, ambient humidity, feeder misalignment and scanner light sensitivity. "[6], The 2001 book Stupid White Men and other books described allegations of efforts to deny black citizens in Florida the right to vote. decided a hand recount could not be done in time for the electoral college vote The undervotes and overvotes in Florida amounted to 3% of all votes cast in the state. Gore garnered 255 electoral votes to Bushs 246, but neither candidate won the 270 electoral votes necessary for victory. Bush v. Gore was a case heard before the U.S. Supreme Court in which that court reversed a Florida Supreme Court request for a selective manual recount of ballots cast in the U.S. presidential election of 2000. India? Although theres much legal turmoil, the president is behind in a number of states -- not just one like in 2000. George W. Bush (R) & Dick Cheney (R) v. Al Gore (D) & Joe Liberman (D) No candidate won a majority in the 2000 election. Aside from this case, also in dispute were the criteria that each county's canvassing board would use in examining the overvotes and/or undervotes. For the results of the previous election, see United States presidential election of 1996. She was also an ally of Republican Gov. Gore request for recounts in four counties: Florida Supreme Court order: accepts completed recounts for Broward, Palm Beach, Volusia and Miami-Dade (139 precincts); applies the above "prevailing standard" (but with no overvotes) to remaining Miami-Dade and other 63 counties. What followed was a five-week war over the ballots, the rules, the law and the courts. A full, official recount of all votes statewide could have gone either way, but one was never conducted. Direct link to David Knarian's post The Constitution has it s, Posted 2 years ago. Direct link to SirenaWoodall's post It would of taken too muc, Posted 6 years ago. On election day, Gore won the popular vote by over half a million votes. The recounts had gone up until December 9 (although they had been stopped and restarted and stopped and restarted several times before then) when the Supreme Court stopped the recount with a 7 to 2 decision, on the basis that it violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. As the country awaited the results, lawyers from both parties swarmed the Sunshine State, with Gores team asking for a hand recount. [4][6] According to legal analyst Jeffrey Toobin, later analysis showed that a total of 18 countiesaccounting for a quarter of all votes cast in Floridadid not carry out the legally mandated machine recount, but "No one from the Gore campaign ever challenged this view" that the machine recount had been completed.[7]. The answer to your question is-they could have decided to not send their electoral votes to Congress but they really wanted to send their votes as not sending them would have effectively disenfranchised everyone in Florida . United States presidential election of 2000, A History of U.S. Presidential Elections in Maps. Orange County total of 512 properly filled ballots not read by machine on November 8, 2000. ET on their election night specials, the national networks were calling populous swing states such as Pennsylvania and Michigan for Gore. 34K 2.2M views 4 years ago #HistoryChannel Learn how Florida ended up determining whether Al Gore or George W. Bush would win the U.S. presidency in 2000. The Florida Supreme Court clarified its ruling on this matter while the United States Supreme Court was deliberating Bush v. Gore. Although Gore had won the popular vote by roughly a half-million ballots, the all-important Electoral College count from the other 49 states (and District of Columbia) was so close that whoever won Florida would be the overall winner. It was ostensibly completed on November 10 in the 66 Florida counties that used vote-counting machines and reduced Bush's lead to 327 votes. [4] Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting's analysis of the NORC study and media coverage of it supported these interpretations and criticized the coverage of the study by media outlets such as The New York Times and the other media consortium members for focusing on how events might have played out rather than on the statewide vote count. Direct link to Camden Charles's post Could Florida have decide, Posted 2 years ago. An elector who votes for someone other than his or her candidate is known as a faithless elector. So, when Harris certified Bush the winner, the Democrats sued to force a recount in a few counties where they thought it would help them overcome Bush's narrow margin. The Bush campaign subsequently appealed to the Supreme Court of the United States, which took up the case Bush v. Palm Beach County Canvassing Board on December 1. Bush, and Democrat Bill Clinton. The media consortium then analyzed the raw data produced by NORC and drew conclusions. In the Election of 2000, Florida was. 3.08 Module Exam (Government) Later in the evening, the networks reversed their call, moving to "too close to call", then later giving it to Bush; then they retracted that call as well, finally indicating the state was "too close to call". Bush's chief strategist, Karl Rove, phoned Fox News to insist that Florida was still in play. She was the Florida secretary of state, in charge of legally certifying winners in any statewide vote. Gore called Bush to concede the election, but in the early hours of the following morning it became apparent that the Florida race was much closer than Gores staff had originally believed. Amount excludes 139 Miami-Dade precincts that were recounted. At the time, Republicans expressed dismay at the idea of a recount. See how a vote recount in the state. Finally, we hit the seventh page.. He is also alleging thatthere have been widespread accounts of voter fraud in these uncalled states. Bush won 12 of 23 congressional districts. Direct link to Alex Nemchenko's post Why was a re-vote not ena, Posted 7 years ago. Of the overvotes, 68,476 chose Gore and a minor candidate; 23,591 chose Bush and a minor candidate. She said that she used both sides of the ballot in order to make the candidate names larger so the county's elderly residents could more easily see the names.[54]. IF the results were "scattered", who would officially be president? The "set aside" ballots were dimpled ballots that were challenged by the two parties. [2] That deadline arrived two hours after the release of the Court's decision. [12] This statutory process primarily accommodated recounts for local elections. Some questioned Buchanan's 3,407 votes in Palm Beach County, Florida, given the liberal leanings of the county, the sizeable Jewish population, and his performance in the remainder of the state. Their chosen electors then vote for president and vice president. In addition, some counties had provided an extra 432 total ballots, while others produced 1,333 fewer ballots than expected. USA Today, 11 May 2001. This site is using cookies under cookie policy . A tug-of-war ensued between Harris, who initially sought to certify the states election results on November 14, and the Florida Supreme Court, which ruled that hand recounts of questionable ballots should proceed in four counties and that the results must be included in the states final count. Although Baker had not been prominent in the younger Bush's campaign, he stepped in at the crucial moment in Florida. Bush, against Democrat Al Gore, former senator from Tennessee and vice president in the administration of. "[5], This initiative occurred without sufficient protection of voting rights. Although electors are pledged to their candidate and running mate, they are not obligated to vote for them. There were punch-card ballots where the voters' attempt to make their choice had only succeeded in detaching a portion of the perforated paper ("hanging chads" ) or merely denting rather than removing the punch-out ("dimpled chads"). At the time, he urged caution, but in the heat of the moment, NPR like other media organizations called the state for Gore. Both campaigns immediately dispatched teams of lawyers to Florida. Controversies included: Many voters in Palm Beach County who intended to vote for Gore actually marked their ballots for Pat Buchanan or spoiled their ballots because they found the ballot's layout to be confusing. Florida state law at the time allowed a candidate to request a manual recount by protesting the results of at least three precincts. Celebrations began in Democratic headquarters everywhere. United States presidential election of 2000, American presidential election held on Nov. 7, 2000, in which Republican George W. Bush narrowly lost the popular vote to Democrat Al Gore but defeated Gore in the electoral college. Direct link to 18_pkemp's post I have heard that Jeb Bus, Posted 6 years ago. By the time the networks switched Florida to Bush, the Texan had enough Electoral College support to be the projected winner. Direct link to famousguy786's post The answer to your questi, Posted 7 years ago. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Canvassing boards of Alachua, Bay, Bradford, Charlotte, Columbia, Escambia, Franklin, Gulf, Hendry, Hernando, Holmes, Lake, Manatee, Okaloosa, Okeechobee, St. Johns and Washington Counties, Election day decisions by 17 Optiscan counties not to "manually review overvotes that couldn't be properly read by machine", Canvassing boards of Alachua, Bay, Charlotte, Citrus, Columbia, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Holmes, Jackson, Lake, Leon, Manatee, Monroe, Okaloosa, Okeechobee, St. Johns, Suwanee and Washington Counties, Election day decisions by 19 Optiscan counties not to "manually review undervotes that couldn't be read by counting machines", Canvassing boards of Collier, DeSoto, Dixie, Duval, Glades, Hardee, Highlands, Hillsborough, Indian River, Jefferson, Lee, Madison, Marion, Miami-Dade, Nassau, Osceola, Pasco, Pinellas, Sarasota, Sumter and Wakulla Counties, Election day decisions by 21 punch-card counties not to "attempt to determine voter intent on undervotes that couldn't be read by counting machines", The above 21 boards plus Palm Beach County Canvassing Board, Election day decisions by 22 punch-card counties not to "attempt to determine voter intent on overvotes that couldn't be properly read by machine", Decision not to review dimpled ballots with clear indications of intent, Decision to change county's certified vote from the mechanical recount total back to the election night vote total, Decision not to include Palm Beach County's vote recount results (all but 53 precincts) submitted before certification deadline, Decision not to include Miami-Dade County's vote recount results (139 precincts) accomplished before certification deadline. According to standards being applied by each county at the time. The vote had been announced by Florida's secretary of state. The only exception: African-Americans. 2000 Election Facts Outcome of race unknown for several weeks due to dispute over close vote totals in Florida Green Party candidate Ralph Nader received 2,882,728 votes, but no Electoral Votes Gore won DC; however one elector did not cast a vote One of only 5 elections (1824, 1876, 1888, 2000, 2016) where the popular vote winner was defeated Consider the fact that babies who were crying in cribs while their parents agonized over Florida's protracted presidential recount in 2000 are now of voting age. Others have a different view. Only a fourth of the variance consisted of optical ballots. Orange County presented fewer rejected ballots to the NORC than expected. And not in the minds of a generation of Americans who thought the White House should have gone to Gore. Direct link to Tejas's post The best answer I can giv, Posted 6 years ago. For all the furor over Palm Beach, it was black precincts where voters had been turned away, denied a ballot because some had been mislabeled as felons, blocked from voting because of bureaucratic bungles, or because the huge increase in black turnout had overwhelmed local officials. rythionic. Could 2020 Be the Same. A Project of The Annenberg Public Policy Center, Under the two most likely scenarios, Bush Wins Florida, Florida voter errors cost Gore the election. The 2000 United States presidential election in Florida took place on November 7, 2000, as part of the nationwide presidential election. Such explanations did little to lessen the sense of anger among black Democrats. We shall see how long it takes to resolve this time. c. 271. In particular, from summer 1999 to spring 2000, Florida's voter list was subject to an unusually high number of problems. At an NAACP-sponsored hearing in Miami four days after the election, prospective voters told of police cars blocking the way to the polls, of voters harassed by election workers. Q: When the votes were recounted in Florida, who won the 2000 presidential election? The ballots themselves became an issue, as the Democratic nominee argued that some of the counties ballots were confusing to interpret, surfacing the butterfly ballot discrepancy where Gore believed voters accidentally voted for Pat Buchanan, a third-party candidate due to the design of the ballot. In a 5-4 vote, the justices also ruled that no alternative method of recount could be established in a timely manner. As the state has moved toward electronic voting, nothing in this evolution has diminished the standards first articulated in such [judicial] decisions that the intent of the voter is of paramount concern and should be given effect if the voter has complied with the statutory requirement and that intent may be determined. Networks initially projected Gore the winner in Florida, but later they declared that Bush had opened an insurmountable lead. Tanner, Robert and Sharon L. Crenson. Networks initially projected Gore the winner in that state but later declared that Bush had opened an insurmountable lead. Florida statutes also required that all counties certify and report their returns, including any recounts, by 5:00p.m. on November 14. One of them came from the campaign of the Republican nominee, George W. Bush, then governor of Texas. Judge Robert Rosenberg of the Broward County Canvassing Board uses a magnifying glass to examine a dimpled chad on a punch card ballot on November 24, 2000 during a vote recount in Fort Lauderdale, Fla. Want to feel old? The study also found that undervotes originating in optical-scan counties differ from those from punchcard counties in a particular characteristic. [10] Voters from reliably Democratic states in the Northeast had also been migrating to Florida since the 1950s. Among those making that call were ABC, CBS, NBC, CNN, Fox News and The Associated Press. Undervotes from optical-scan counties, however, correlate with Democratic votes more than Republican votes, and in particular to counties that scanned ballots at a central location rather than at precinct locations. Direct link to ArmstronMakenna's post Shouldn't the electoral c, Posted 6 years ago. [19]:215216 Also, before the election, the Secretary of State's office had expunged tens of thousands of citizens identified as felons from the Florida voting rolls, with African-Americans identified on some counties' lists at up to five times their share of the population. There were also contentions about the card-punch system that some counties used, which required voters to puncture a hole for the ticket they had supported, but that left some cards with hanging chads, or pieces of paper dangling from their ballots. So it is possible that either candidate might have emerged the winner of an official recount, and nobody can say with exact certainty what the "true" Florida vote really was. Fast forward three weeks later on Nov. 26, 2000, the state of Florida declared Bush the winner by just 537 votes. On the evening of election dayNovember 7, 2000a clear winner of the presidential election had yet to emerge. This immediately reduced the Bush margin from 537 to 154 (537215168 is 154). [2] It was also the first time the Democratic candidate won Orange County since Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944. [78] Among the nearly 85,000 Votomatic overvotes in the sample, only 721 reclaimable votes were confirmed in the NORC study. Where a ballot is so marked as to plainly indicate the voter's choice and intent, it should be counted as marked unless some positive provision of law would be violated. "But," it said, "Gore could not have won without a hand count of overvote ballots, something that he did not request.". Africa? In the month following the election, some 50 individual suits were filed concerning the various counts, recounts, and certification deadlines. The 2000 election was determined by the American voting public. On December 9, the Court suspended the manual recount, in progress for only several hours, on the grounds that irreparable harm could befall Bush, according to a concurring opinion by Justice Antonin Scalia. [4] According to The Palm Beach Post, "State lawmakers decided to weed out felons and other ineligible voters in 1998 after a Miami mayoral election was overturned because votes had been cast by the convicted and the dead. 2000 United States presidential election in Florida, Counties that flipped from Democratic to Republican, Counties that flipped from Republican to Democratic, The previous closest statewide presidential elections were two in. Direct link to David Alexander's post There are many possible r, Posted 6 years ago. a. a global recession. [84] A Gore win was impossible without a recount of overvotes, which he did not request; however, faxes between Judge Terry Lewis and the canvassing boards throughout the state indicated that Lewis, who oversaw the recount effort, intended to have overvotes counted.[81]. Immediately following the presidential election in 2000, a. votes were recounted in the state of Florida. The Florida election was closely scrutinized after Election Day. AP: A vote-by-vote review of untallied ballots in the 2000 Florida presidential election indicates George W. Bush would have narrowly prevailed in the partial recounts sought by Al Gore, but. Due to the narrow margin of the original vote count, Florida Election Code 102.141 mandated a statewide machine recount,[5] which began the day after the election. But it soon became clear the precincts reporting on Tuesday did not include all the voters whose ballots were sent by mail. in the election of 2000 florida was brainly . Meanwhile, there was a heavy backlash in the Cuban-American population against Democrats during the Elian Gonzalez dispute, during which Janet Reno, President Bill Clintons Attorney General, ordered the six-year-old Cuban refugee to be returned to Cuba. It also goes down as one of the most controversial. After that decision, the Bush campaign appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, arguing that the state court effectively rewrote state election statutes after the vote. It was instead a painful reminder of the days when the battle for the ballot was, literally, a life-and-death matter. The controversy in detail: A big recount controversy in Florida, a swing state, took centre stage in the election. ), 5, which the Florida Supreme Court had stated that the Florida Legislature intended to meet. the same name, a blank space or a historical or fictional name (1): the same name, a blank space or an uncertified person's name, the same name, a blank space, a historical or fictional name or an uncertified person's name. Florida Elections For Governor And U.S. Senate Heading For Recount. The outcome of the 2000 United States presidential election was not known for more than a month after balloting because of the extended process of counting and recounting Florida's presidential ballots.

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