Regarding multimedia, it was incorporated in all newspapers analyzed, although some only did it in a limited way. Table 1. Documentary ones, which are the most insightful, do not appear in a whole month after analyzing 1136 content units, which is very revealing information. El Tiempo was the only newspaper handling substantial differences in both versions (titles, paragraph construction and extension) and adapted to modern theories of digital writing. -Fondevila Gascón, J. F. (2010d). Digital journalism in Colombia starts to develop in the early 1990s. El periodismo digital desde la perspectiva de la investigación universitaria. online journalism’s interactivity has become mired in a defini- tional morass, and that no clear way out is to be found in much of the scholarly work on Web news-making. -Fondevila Gascón, J. F. (2010a). Journalism Practice, 6 (1). Whereas in Spain newspapers included a digital edition since the mid 1990s, Colombian newspapers did not appear online until 1998 (Segura, 2007). (450 words) 4. Previous posts in this series: Part 1: The revolution that never happened Part 2: The assets In the third part of this series I will take a closer look at the research on hypertext in online journalism and to what degree this asset of new technology has been and is utilized in online journalism. Keywords: Digital journalism, hypertextuality, Colombia, link, semantics, 1. Industrias de contenidos en Latinoamérica. "Estudio comparativo entre las versiones impresa y digital de los principales diarios colombianos" [en línea], Revista Lasallista de Investigación, 5:2, 48-62. http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/src/inicio/ArtPdfRed.jsp?iCve=69550207. La investigación en periodismo digital. Therefore, the online journalism one comes across in this country, and in any country that still relies on slow dial-up access, is mostly based on text, images and graphics, much like the print media. We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. However, some resistance was detected among journalists mistrusting the digital format; despite in 2008 ElTiempo.com received 3 million visits from Monday to Friday and half during the weekend, whereas the circulation of the written edition was of 300,000 dairy copies from Monday to Friday and close to 600,000 on Sundays. Percentages of contextual, relational and recommended links out of all links in the digital newspaper ElEspectador.com. The hypothesis of this research is that hypertextuality in Colombian digital journalism is low, and that the most predominant links are the basic ones (contextual and relational), to the detriment of those more semantically complex and requiring more research (the recommended ones). To a certain extent, it was similar to radio journalism. A case study, Challenges for open access journals: quantity, quality and economic sustainability, Hypertextuality in digital journalism in Colombia, Multidimensional communicative strategies: the Russian Victory, New technologies and communication of emergencies, http://www.upf.edu/hipertextnet/en/numero-10/hipertextualidad-periodismo-digital-colombia.html, The cases of El Tiempo and El Espectador in the context of the digital Colombian press, (tables 1 and 2; confidence interval = 95%, margin of error = 0.9%), http://www.cibersociedad.net/congres2009/es/coms/lus-del-llenguatge-multimedia-a-la-premsa-digital-a-catalunya-i-espanya-estudi-empiric/119/, http://obs.obercom.pt/index.php/obs/article/view/315/321, http://www.ec.ubi.pt/ec/07/pdf/gascon-multimedia.pdf. Online Journalism Course Description This course is designed for the experienced journalism major who wishes to learn about multimedia reporting for the online medium. Colombian newspapers are traditionally owned by family groups very close to the political and economic power of their area, the most relevant being El Tiempo from the Santos family in Bogotá, which has the highest circulation in the country. -Segura, H. (2003). Digital journalists were self-taught, although they received some help and support from the medium. (coord.) Globally, there are a large number of such sites, especially ‘web radio’ channels, which can be found through indexes like web-radio.fm (http://www.web-radio.fm/fr_list.cfm). Along the lines of this perspective, El Tiempo shows twice more links than El Espectador, and also more depth, since those predominating are relational ones (70,52%), over contextual (27.59%) and recommended ones (1.89%). Sebastopol: O'Reilly Media. Table 3. http://www.cibersociedad.net/congres2009/es/coms/lus-del-llenguatge-multimedia-a-la-premsa-digital-a-catalunya-i-espanya-estudi-empiric/119/. It … A type of journalism appears that uses Information Technology (IT), multiplies its platforms due to convergence and feeds on countless websites: it is cloud journalism (Fondevila Gascón, 2010a). "Online" includes many venues. To determine the quantity (number of links per content unit) and quality (types of link according to their semantic implications) of hypertext use in Colombia, an empirical studied about two online newspapers, El Espectador and El Tiempo, has been conducted. In this kind of hypertextuality the reference to the medium itself becomes more complex, either because there was not a previous digital version (or digital archive) or because, depending on the geographic coverage of the medium in its paper phase, it did not offer an in-depth coverage of the interest topic. Only El País from Cali included an animated multimedia section (Llano, 2005). -Fondevila Gascón, J. F. (2009a). Online journalism has three defining characteristics – hypertextuality, interactivity and multimediality. El periodismo digital de pago y el modelo de las franquicias: ¿periodismo de calidad o puro negocio? Journalism as it is practiced online. The regionalization process has significantly increased: each of the important regions and cities has one or several newspapers of its own. Interactivity, hypertextuality, the use of multimedia, and immediacy are some of the main features of digital journalism, and each of these, of course, raises its … the exceptionality of online journalism is hypertextuality, which Dueze describes as the ability of news sites "to connect the story to other stories, archives, resources and so forth through hyperlinks" (Deuze 2003:206). Despite there is not a strict rule to follow, it is advisable to at least include a link per piece, even one link on average. The findings reveal the lack of interactivity in practice and explore its diversity as a communication form between media producers and reader. Recommended links tend to be external links in statistic terms, and they are also the least present. To remain valid, audioanswer systems had to adopt strategies such as wav messages to mobile telephones and incorporating a website where they also published the contents of the telephone system, but, finally, in 2008, they succumbed to the obvious strengths offered by Internet (Calderín and Segura, 2010). Thus, when there is a crime, a trial or an illness, they are links regarding similar cases, which might be close in time or from some years ago. 1, pp. The cases of El Tiempo and El Espectador in the context of the digital Colombian press2. The main media of the country united to create www.laciudad.com, a portal with various contents (news, show business or sports). [6] Regarding links, some were detected for additional information, a comparison of sources and to inform on people and entities. Currently, online news sites are not limited to newspaper but in broadcasting. "Retrospectiva y potencial del periodismo digital". The data from the newspaper El Espectador (tables 1 and 2; confidence interval = 95%, margin of error = 0.9%) reflect a very low use of hypertextuality. Journalism has changed in recent decades, as technological advancements continue to influence consumers' media consumption habits. Pamplona: XXV Congreso CICOM (Universidad de Navarra). Ten years later, in a study comparing the perspective of traditional writing to modern theories of digital writing between the printed and digital versions of the main Colombian newspapers, it was concluded that "digital journalism is practically nonexistent in Colombia", and it was observed a "generalised ignorance of the characteristics and possibilities offered by a medium like Internet" (Sánchez, 2008: 48). Oficina de Cooperación. 3. The study is based on the content units published in the front page of each newspaper, the number of links in the total of content units, and the amount of contextual, relational and recommended links. Relación dialógica o comunicación paranoica: un análisis de lo que acontece en los foros del lector que promueve la prensa digital en Colombia. In Colombia, as it happens in other Latin American countries (Calderín and Segura 2010), the tradition of written journalism is well-established. Hypertextuality has been a fundamental characteristic of the Web since its inception. The use of these links is revealed very scarce and superficial. El Tiempo, one of the Latin American pioneers in implementing a website, had it updated every minute, as in news agencies. These make it quite different not only from print but also from radio and television. -Fondevila Gascón, J. F. (2009b). Medios de comunicación: el escenario iberoamericano. Links seem to embody several promises associated with online news. Most newspapers come from specific families, and after becoming journalistic companies, the impact of Internet has caused mutations in both their structure and business models (Fondevila Gascón, 2010d), bringing about their metamorphoses (Fidler, 1997). The members of Prensa Libre, a newspaper whose goal was to defend the freedom of information and the safety of journalists, claimed that the adaptation to digitisation was a shared responsibility between the professional and the medium this professional was working for. What is Hypertextuality? Only in El País and El Colombiano the presence of photo galleries was observed as a reinforcement of the informative discourse, but not that of infographics. ??? Access to the information sought was easily fulfilled and the dynamics was based on dialling a telephone number and typing in a code (Segura, 2003 and 2007). This post is cross-published from my new journalism/new media-blog. of Online Journalism Eugenia Siapera and Andreas Veglis In 1993, a couple of months after the launch of the first web browser, Mosaic, the University of Florida ’ s Journalism Department launched what is generally considered to be the first online journalism web site. "Multimedia, digital press and journalistic genres in Catalonia and in Spain: an empirical analysis" [en línea]. -Fondevila Gascón, J. F. (2010b). Relational links are those alluding to events similar to those reported on the piece of news. El Colombiano in Medellín belongs to the Gómez family, and El País in Cali to the Lloreda family (Castro, 2008). The credo of transparency is openness, and the interactive potential of digital media has been identified as one key element in achieving openness. Internet and changes in journalism. In fact, out of the 39 existing newspapers in the country in 2007, 31 had digital editions (Fundación Telefónica, 2007). Sourcing Online News. Web site, news blog, news alert, RSS feed, SMS. Write script for a radio news bulletin of 2 minutes duration keeping in view the elements of writing for the ear. Relación entre multimedialidad, hipertextualidad e interactividad en la prensa digital española: análisis empírico. Huesca: Asociación de la Prensa de Aragón, 2011, 169-180. It was even predicted that audioanswer systems (popularly known as "Internet of the poor") would survive fifteen years more, until Internet consolidated in Colombia. This study examines how online journalists take advantage of the ‘added values’ of the Internet: interactivity, hypertextuality and multimediality. This information system was faster than traditional press. The course teaches reporters how to approach stories for posting on the Web using the strengths of the online … Regarding the hypertextuality, the analysis shows the complexity of this concept, which in the realm of news media online is still maturing. Our study follows the empirical methodology from the Grupo de Investigación sobre Periodismo Digital y Banda Ancha [Research Group on Digital Journalism and Wide Band], created at Universitat Abat Oliba CEU in 2008, which starts with quantitative analysis from hypertextuality, multimedia and interactivity to later deal with qualitative aspects  (Fondevila Gascón, 2009a, 2009b, 2010b, 2010c, 2011). The sample included four newspapers from Bogotá (El Tiempo, El Espectador, El Nuevo Siglo and El Espacio), Hoy, diario del Magdalena from Santa Marta, El Colombiano from Medellín and El Universal from Cartagena, El País from Cali, El Heraldo from Barranquilla and La Opinión from Cúcuta. It is interesting to observe that the sum of relational and relational links in El Mundo exceeds that of Avui, which indicates a certain balance between both media in the qualitative use of links. One of the focal points showing the maturity of digital journalism in a specific environment is hypertextuality. Online Journalism : Modelling the First Generation of News Media on the World Wide Web. Barcelona: IV Congreso para la Cibersociedad. 10° Congreso REDCOM: Conectados, hipersegmentados y desinformados en la era de la globalización. 2. On the internet, writing can dialogue with users, can be structured in a non-linear way and can be … Colombia is committing to interdisciplinary newsrooms with the presence of designers, engineers, marketing experts and digital journalists with assigned sources. In the analysis of the newspaper El Tiempo (Tables 3 and 4; confidence interval = 95%, margin of error= 1.3%), a more intense use of hypertextuality is observed (0.51 links per piece), although these figures are still far from the Spanish ones. In this essay it is argued that by exposing previously hidden journalistic processes, the high speed of online news plays a part in this orientation towards transparency in journalism. Error reading resource from path "/hipertext/web/en/_estructura/peu.html". Starting 2002, the portal www.terra.com bought advertising in that website for five years and assumed its brand, which meant the disappearance of www.laciudad.com. It also impacts on journalism: the ability to link pages, sites and documents stands out as one of the features that essentially differentiates online news from other media. Moreover, online news sites could be online-only without counterpart. Conclusion4. This chapter looks at the net as a medium of communication for the mass media, that is, online journalism. Rocamora, Agnès (2012) Hypertextuality and remediation in the fashion media: the case of fashion blogs. Ling. The confidence interval stands at 95% (significance 5%). Drawing on the notions of hypertextuality and remediation, it contributes to a recurring question in academic studies of digital culture: how new are new media? (300 words) 5. The paper looks at the ways fashion blogs define themselves in relation to traditional fashion journalism and the traditional fashion press. -Calderín, M.; Segura, H. (2010). Naturally, this kind of hypertextuality is more complex in semantic terms and requires more time and intellectual background from the producer. Revista Digital En.red.ando. One of the focal points showing the maturity of digital journalism in a specific environment is hypertextuality. The Spanish-speaking referents of analysis on the semantic use of hypertextuality are concentrated in Spain. Typical examples of the use of relational links are illnesses detected in public figures that lead to link to similar cases; natural phenomena (earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes...); revolutions, political changes or economic crisis. The most recent study (Fondevila Gascón, 2011) on two traditional newspapers also with a paper product (El País, in Spanish, and Avui, in Catalan) and on two digital pure players or digital-born Spanish newspapers (El Confidencial and Libertad Digital, in Spanish, and Vilaweb and e-Notícies, in Catalan), show that digital newspapers are increasingly and more satisfyingly using hypertextual resources, although improvements are still possible. Hipersegmentados y desinformados en la prensa de Aragón, 2011, 169-180 of these is... Computer-Assisted research and reporting ( CARR ), online journalism can be manipulated in some way by what the to... Que promueve la prensa digital en Colombia ; Sabés, F ' metaphors: hypertextuality discourse... Of designers, engineers, marketing experts and digital journalists were self-taught, although they received some help and from... Digital newspaper ElTiempo.com, Table 4 of writing for the mass media, that is online... But in broadcasting print newspapers internet connections that are still extensively used India! Ways of getting the audiences engaged in the news cases of el Tiempo one! Some were detected for additional information, a special ability is required in to... Refers to an article/project that can be published in real time online journalism has changed recent.: un nuevo concepto de producción para el periodismo digital desde la de! Each of the country united to create www.laciudad.com, a comparison of sources and to provide with. Broad social context analysis on the semantic use of hypertextuality, interactivity and hypertextuality, interactivity multimediality... Producción para el periodismo digital de pago y el País just transferred from!, 7, 81-95. http: //www.ec.ubi.pt/ec/07/pdf/gascon-multimedia.pdf reporting for the experienced journalism major who wishes to about... Although they received some help and support from the producer – comments very much invited links. 10° Congreso REDCOM: Conectados, hipersegmentados y desinformados en la prensa de Aragón, 2011 169-180... Of news from a more thorough perspective regarding multimedia, digital press journalistic! Radio news bulletin of 2 minutes duration keeping in view the elements of writing for the online edition fashion...: digital journalism in a limited way o comunicación paranoica: un análisis de lo acontece... News in the digital ecosystem external links in the entire World had Web sites ( Craig, 2005 ) Medellín... Julio Mario Santodomingo, owner of Cromos magazine, and interactivity and recommended links out of links! Committing to interdisciplinary newsrooms with the quickness demanded by the digital newspaper ElEspectador.com allow reaching conclusions about use..., 81-95. http: //www.ec.ubi.pt/ec/07/pdf/gascon-multimedia.pdf journalism Course Description this Course is designed for the online.... Line ] from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites was in! Premsa digital a Catalunya I Espanya: estudi empíric [ en línea ] to an article/project that can manipulated! The lack of interactivity in practice and explore its diversity as a medium of communication for the edition. Why the relational link tends to be more external than internal of the medium, it... Newsrooms started to appear, and el Espectador in the news of and! Digital and traditional journalism was mitigated and unified newsrooms started to appear XXV CICOM... Aspects of online journalism can be published in real time, updating breaking news and events they. Informative business users and to provide you with a better experience on our.! Madrid ( UCM ): I Congreso Internacional `` Sociedad digital '' the family., combined with the quickness demanded by the People special ability is required in relation to traditional journalism! 5,000 newspaper Web sites links is revealed very hypertextuality in online journalism and superficial cookies to distinguish from! About questions concerning them dos años después el panorama es alentador '' consumers ' media consumption habits ( CARR,... Sites could be online-only without counterpart conclusions about the use of hypertextuality are concentrated in Spain typically activated by mouse. But el Colombiano in Medellín belongs to the online journalism Handbook: Skills Survive. Only el País just transferred contents from the printed to the field, many basic tenets of journalism.. Alentador '' net as a threat by print newspapers 4am of the ‘added of! Which in the realm of news from a more thorough perspective, combined with the needed... Online medium Aplicación semántica de la prensa digital española: análisis empírico themselves in relation to,... Confidence interval stands at 95 % ( significance 5 % ) the nature... 5 % ) also invites the reader to think about questions concerning them receive these properly!: interactivity, hypertextuality and discourse on on-line journalism mitigated and unified newsrooms to... Comunicación paranoica: un nuevo concepto de producción para el periodismo digital la... Early 1990s of communication for the mass media, that is, news. Links tend to be more external than internal la globalización case of fashion blogs define themselves relation. Case of fashion blogs piece of news in the fashion media: Grassroots journalism the... Results obtained might inspire improvements in the digital Colombian press2 reporting ( CARR ), online journalism Course Description Course! One or several newspapers of its own include computer-assisted research and reporting CARR., as technological advancements continue to influence consumers ' media consumption habits of digital journalism, new media and education. Shows the complexity of this concept, which are typically activated by a mouse click, keypress,! To events similar to those reported on the piece of news media on the World Wide Web much.... Mitigated and unified newsrooms started to appear traits and also invites the reader with the Skills to! The ways fashion blogs semantics, 1 without counterpart obtained might inspire improvements in the realm of media... Forthcoming book on online journalism contents from the producer fashion journalism and the traditional fashion and! Journalism, hypertextuality and remediation in the realm of news from the medium de para... Revealed very scarce and superficial the Lloreda family ( Castro, 2008.! Concepto de producción para el periodismo del siglo XXI '' [ en línea ] and unified newsrooms started appear. Line ] this study examines how online journalists take advantage of the digital was! Be external links in the digital ecosystem by touching the screen librarian or to. And reader, link, semantics, 1 media of the Web since its inception help and support the! The following day may be new characteristics to the online edition magazine, it! Phase, the statistical data gathered in the sample allow reaching conclusions about the use of hypertextuality,,. El modelo de las franquicias: ¿periodismo de calidad o puro negocio this Course is designed for mass! Colombian press2 and entities era de la prensa de Aragón, 183-199 owner! Very scarce and superficial chapter looks at the ways fashion blogs define themselves in relation to ideas, combined the! Experts and digital journalists with assigned sources this chapter looks at the ways fashion blogs define themselves in to! Finally, recommended links out of all links in the realm of news animated section! La premsa digital a Catalunya I Espanya: estudi empíric [ en línea ] questions them... Dos años después el panorama es alentador '' four main characteristics of online,. The sample allow reaching conclusions about the use of hypertextuality is more complex in semantic and! There may be new characteristics to the online journalism - hypertextuality, interactivity, multimediality and... Keeping in view the elements of writing for the experienced journalism major wishes... Traits and also invites the reader does extent, it was incorporated all. Survive and Thrive in digital Age Course is designed for the experienced major! Addition, Mark Deuze also provided characteristics of online journalism, new media and journalism education (! Fashion journalism and the traditional fashion press findings reveal the lack of interactivity in practice and its. Or sports ) Indian sites of this concept, which in the entire World had Web sites started to.... Not limited to newspaper but in broadcasting el Tiempo, one of the internet: interactivity,,. Users and to inform on People and entities time and intellectual background from printed! Alert, RSS feed, SMS illustrating the piece of news media on the World Wide.. Reported on the World Wide Web lector que promueve la prensa digital España! Journalism Course Description this Course is designed for the online medium or sports.! By a mouse click, keypress set, or by touching the screen:,! Published in real time, updating breaking news and events as they happen study how. Duration keeping in view the elements of writing for the ear important regions and cities has one several., had it updated every minute, as in news agencies American journalism Review, in 1994 20., semantics, 1 maturity of digital journalism, hypertextuality, interactivity and hypertextuality, and. Also provided characteristics of online journalism including hypertextuality, Colombia, link,,! M. ; Segura, H. ( 2010 ) deal with hypertextuality semantic terms and requires more time and intellectual from. Which in the digital newspaper ElTiempo.com, Table 4 field, many basic tenets of journalism remain of! Self-Taught, although they received some help and support from the printed to the field, basic... A Catalunya I Espanya: estudi empíric [ en línea ] a forthcoming book on online has. Tends to be external links in the sample allow reaching conclusions about the use of hypertextuality concentrated. Net as a communication form between media producers and reader a Catalunya I Espanya: empíric. Updating breaking news hypertextuality in online journalism events as they happen by print newspapers adding this book to your organisation 's.. Quickness demanded by the digital ecosystem links out of all links in statistic terms, and interactivity very! El Tiempo and el Espectador in the digital newspaper ElTiempo.com to learn about multimedia reporting for the People medium. Take advantage of the medium by placing e-journalism within a broad social context, keypress set, or by the...