The book of Galatians is a Pauline Epistle (letter from Paul). He compared his fear, anticipation, and desire to help the Galatians to a woman about to give birth. With its concluding reference to "freedom," the allegory points ahead to what follows, in which Paul asserts that those who seek circumcision are denying their experience of God and the freedom for which Christ has died (Galatians 5:1-6). Summary of Galatians 4 Paul then uses a metaphor that his audience would understand, of a child being considered as a slave while he is a minor. Summary Those who belong to Christ are children of Abraham through the promise, while those who insist on circumcision are still enslaved under the law. New Revised Standard Version Bible: Anglicized Edition, copyright © 1989, 1995 National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Paul expands the allegory by linking the theme of barrenness. Hi Chris, I've been using your summary in my daily devotional for several months now and appreciate the way you've encapsulated the chapters in a short paragraph. 3:23-29). (21-31). 3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: We are righteous, with faithful Abraham, because we have faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. Although by nature children of wrath and disobedience, they become by grace children of love, and partake of the nature of the children of God; for he will have all his children resemble him. 29But just as at that time the child who was born according to the flesh persecuted the child who was born according to the Spirit, so it is now also. (1-7) The happy change made in the Gentile believers. 31So then, friends,* we are children, not of the slave but of the free woman. 22For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman and the other by a free woman. (Read Galatians 4:12-18) The apostle desires that they would be of one mind with him respecting the law of Moses, as well as united with him in love. Chapter 4. “We are not children of the bondwoman” (see notes on 4:24, 26). Galatians 4:31 "So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free." So then, brethren, we are not children of the bond-woman, but of the free. The Galatians were ready to account the apostle their enemy, but he assures them he was their friend; he had the feelings of a parent toward them. Galatians Summary by Jay Smith. Galatians 4 (King James Version) 1 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; 2 But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. The apostle reminds the Galatians of the difficulty under which he laboured when he first came among them. One woman, in fact, is Hagar, from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery. And as that was a dispensation of darkness, so of bondage; they were tied to many burdensome rites and observances, by which they were taught and kept subject like a child under tutors and governors. Jn 7:37-39; Ac 2:38; 5:32; Ro 5:5; 8:11-17; 15:13; 2Co 1:22; 5:5; Ep 1:13-14; 3:16; 4:30) 2) To understand Paul's concern over the Galatians' observance of holy days (cf. Yet it is not his way, not his spirit to do so; hence he is never at rest, till he returns to his dependence on Christ again. In Galatians 3-4, Paul uses four appeals to Scripture to support his argument that justification is by faith in Christ Jesus and not by doing the law (3:6-9; 3:10-14; 3:16-18; 4:21-31). The barren Sarah is joined to the image of the barren Jerusalem--the earthly barren Jerusalem in exile--and contrasted with the fruitful Jerusalem of promise, the mother of all who are children of the promise (verse 27; see Isaiah 54:1). Rather they help you to learn the message of the scripture. Yet how very uncertain are the favour and respect of men! Let us labour to be accepted of God. In reproving others, we should take care to convince them that our reproofs are from sincere regard to the honour of God and religion and their welfare. In reproving others, we should take care to convince them that our reproofs are from sincere regard to the honour of God and religion and their welfare. Paul had founded the Christian church in the region of Galatia during his early missionary journeys. The phrase conveys, in point of form, the solemn expression of the objective (Galatians 4:4) and subjective (Galatians 4:5) certainty of salvation, but, in a dogmatic point of view, the like personal relation of the Spirit, whom God has sent forth from Himself as He sent forth Christ. Under Law or in Christ (Gal. v 2.5.1 The happy change whereby the Galatians were turned from idols to the living God, and through Christ had received the adoption of sons, was the effect of his free and rich grace; they were laid under the greater obligation to keep to the liberty wherewith he had made them free. New International Version. 3 So also, when we were underage, we were in slavery under the elemental spiritual forces of the world. Even though Paul founded the church there and explicitly told them everything they ever needed to know about Jesus, the Galatians haven't exactly been toeing the line. 25Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia* and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. He expresses his earnest concern for them. We learn the happier state of Christians under the gospel dispensation. And many ignorantly worship a god of their own making; a god made all of mercy and no justice. They were by regeneration and true faith, made a part of the true seed of Abraham, according to the promise made to him. A summary of Galatians 4 from @biblesummary. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Galatians 4:4-7 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Whereas many of Paul’s letters were written to churches in a particular city, such as Rome or Corinth, this letter was written to “the assemblies of Galatia”—a region in the central part of what we know today as Turkey. This every man must remember in his place and calling. An excellent rule is given. How is it that you turn again to the weak and beggarly elements: In turning to legalism, the Galatians were not turning to a new error, but coming back to an old one – the idea of a works relationship with God. This quite possibly could have been Paul’s first letter. Identify the Genre; The macro level is epistolary. A summary of Galatians, chapter by chapter, from @biblesummary. (19,20) And then explains the difference between what is to be expected from the law, and from the gospel. 26But the other woman corresponds to the Jerusalem above; she is free, and she is our mother. Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord … 30But what does the scripture say? In a recent message I spoke of my efforts to make a “silk purse from a sow’s ear” by trying to make a Rambler station wagon into a car it was never meant to be. Accordingly, Ishmael, as the son of the slave woman, is born "according to the flesh," while Isaac, the son of the free woman, is born "through the promise" (4:23). Used by permission. the Spirit who calls out, “Abba,[ c] Father.”. Let us rest our souls on the Scriptures, and by a gospel hope and cheerful obedience, show that our conversation and treasure are indeed in heaven. 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